Page 1 of 17

European Journal of Business &

Social Sciences

Available at https://ejbss.org/

ISSN: 2235-767X

Volume 07 Issue 03

March 2019

Available online: https://ejbss.org/ P a g e | 754

AIDS Awareness among Graduate Students of

Arts and Science Streams- A Comparative Study

Deepak kumar*

Meenakshi **

ABSTRACT

HIV stands for human immune deficiency virus that causes AIDS (Acquired immune

deficiency syndrome). It can be transmitted through contaminated blood and from infected

mother to child. There is no cure for it. It primarily attacks men and women in their

economically productive years when they provide the major labour force. India is estimated to

have the second largest population of population with HIV/AIDS next to South Africa. AIDS

epidemic in India in heterogeneous; at risk groups are women, youth and then others, where

the epidemic shifts from the most vulnerable group such as sex workers, injecting drug users

and men who have sex with men to bridge population that includes partners of clients of sex

workers, people with sexually transmitted infection and drug users and then to general

population. In areas that are mare severally affected, the epidemic has started to challenge

recent development achievement and to raise fundamental issues of human rights concerning

people living with AIDS. Repercussions of the disease have forced us to join hands against it,

which is handicapping the society and physical process of the direct victims and the related

ones. In the present study an attempt has been made to see the AIDS Awareness among

graduate students of Arts and Science streams. Simple random sampling used for the selection

of sample. Hundered graduating students of Jhajjar district selected for the study.Results

showed that the students of both types of the streams i.e. art and science stream are not equally

aware about AIDS Awareness. All this implies that students of art and science stream needs

more awareness towards AIDS.

Keywords- AIDS (Acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

Page 2 of 17

European Journal of Business &

Social Sciences

Available at https://ejbss.org/

ISSN: 2235-767X

Volume 07 Issue 03

March 2019

Available online: https://ejbss.org/ P a g e | 755

INTRODUCTION

HIV stands for Human Immune Deficiency Virus that causes AIDS (Acquired immune

Deficiency Syndrome). It can be transmitted through contaminated blood and from infected

mother to child.

The HIV/AIDS epidemic in India in heterogeneous; at risk groups are women, youth and the

others, where the epidemic shifts from the most vulnerable group such as sex workers,

injecting drug users and men who have sex with men to bridge population that includes

partners of clients of sex workers, People with sexually transmitted infection and drug users

and to general population. In areas that are more severely affected, the epidemic has started to

challenge recent development achievement and to raise fundamental issues of human rights

concerning people living with HIV/AIDS.

What is HIV?

HIV stands for human immune deficiency virus. It is virus that causes AIDS. A member of a

group of the viruses called retro viruses, HIV infects human cells and uses the energy and

nutrients provides by those cells to grow and reproduce.

What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

ACQUIRED- to get/ develop after birth not inherited through genes.

IMMUNE- reduction of body’s resistance ability to fight infection.

DEFICIENCY- Shortage, reduction.

SYNDROME- a group of sign and symptoms and not just a disease.

Which is not a part of a germ or a single known cause? It is a disease in which the body’s

immune system breaks down and is unable to fight off infections, known as “opportunistic

infections” and other illnesses that take advantages of a weakened immune system.

Page 3 of 17

European Journal of Business &

Social Sciences

Available at https://ejbss.org/

ISSN: 2235-767X

Volume 07 Issue 03

March 2019

Available online: https://ejbss.org/ P a g e | 756

When a person is infected with HIV, the virus enters the body and lives and multiples

primarily in the white blood cells. These are immune cells that normally protect us from

disease. The hallmark of HIV infection is the progressive loss of a specific type of immune

cells called T-helper, or CD4, cells. As the virus grows, It damages or kills these and other

cells, weakening the immune system and leaving the person vulnerable to various

opportunistic infections and other illnesses ranging from pneumonia to cancer. A person can

receive a clinical diagnosis of AIDS, as defined by the U.S .Centers for Disease control and

prevention (CDC), if he or she has tested positive for HIV and meets one or birth of these

condition:

The presence of one or more AIDS- related infections or illnesses.

A CD4 count has reached or fallen below 200 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. Also called

the T-cell count, the CD4 counts ranges from 450 to 1200 in healthy individual.

COMMUNICATION ROUTES OF HIV/AIDS

Communication via sexual exposure

The AIDS virus is primarily transmitted through sexual contact. There are two key

scientific factors which allow us to understand its spread: the likelihood that an infected

person will transmit the virus to a partner during sexual intercourse; and the frequency with

which individuals acquire new sexual partners. HIV is carried in sexual and virginal fluids

and in cervical secretions as well as in blood. Any exchange of fluids during intercourse can

results in transmission of the virus across the porous membranes of vagina ,penis, mouth or

anal canal in to the blood streams. The fact that seminal fluid transmits the virus is confirmed

by studies of artificial insemination. Women have even been infected by a single exposure to

infected semen during artificial insemination. It may be noted that there are several confirmed

cases of HIV transmission through artificial insemination with semen of men not known to be

infected. Therefore it has become necessary for screening sperm donors for HIV. The “Co- factors” such as sexually transmitted disease (STDs) which increase both vulnerability in

acquiring the virus and the likelihood that an infected persons will transmit the virus.

Communication via blood