Page 1 of 6

European Journal of Business &

Social Sciences

Available at https://ejbss.org/

ISSN: 2235-767X

Volume 07 Issue 05

May 2019

Available online:https://ejbss.org/ P a g e | 593

Interrelationship of social stratification and social cooperation in western

philosophy

Sharipov Abduhakimjon

Bukhara State University , Associate professor of the Philosophy Department of

“Islamic history and source Studies”, Candidate of philosophical Sciences

Anotation:

Society in terms of its structural structure includes closely interrelated sides,

frontiers, relatively large-subsystems within a single whole social system, social

groups and the social relations that occur between them.

Key words: society, social structure, social stratification, specifications

In the IV century BC, the ancient Greek philosopher Plato divided the members

of society into 3 groups: philosophers (upper class, as rulers of the state), the

military, and the lower class - slaves.

In western sociology, the social structure of society is studied on the basis of the

concept of social stratification.

Stratification means (Latin stratum – layer, and fatsio - do). One of the basic

concepts of Western sociology and its special field is that the social structure of

society is divided into social strata, groups, representing social inequality in

society.

There is inequality in all types of social society. Even in primitive societies,

where there was almost no economic differentiation between humans, there was an

inequality between men and women, young people and the elderly. While

describing social inequality, sociologists describe social stratification, sociologists

talk about social stratification. Stratification can be described as structural

differences between groups on the theories of stratification in modern societies

Weber, Eric Olin Wright, Frank Parkhins were widely engaged.Let's dwell on the

theory of Weber..It is difficult to call Weber (1867-1920) simply a "sociologist",

because his interests and ideas cover many disciplines.

Page 2 of 6

European Journal of Business &

Social Sciences

Available at https://ejbss.org/

ISSN: 2235-767X

Volume 07 Issue 05

May 2019

Available online:https://ejbss.org/ P a g e | 594

According to the Weber theory, many factors influence the formation of classes,

groups, strata in society. Weber believes that the division into classes is determined

not only by whether or not they have the means of production, but also by

economic differences that are not directly related to property. In the first place to

these factors is the skill and qualification that determines whether a person is able

to do something or not. Persons who fall into the category of professionals and

managers, as well as career degrees, titles, diplomas, give them a great advantage

before those who do not have such diplomas in the labor market.

Weber divides two more important specifications of stratification. To one it is

called the status (position), and on the other – the party. (in German, both concepts

are expressed using one word stand).

The concept of status in the Weber view is related to the fact that different social

groups have a different level of reputation in society. Properties that distinguish a

particular location from others can be elongated, not dependent on the class

division. Social prestige can be both positive and negative.

The position groups with positive preferences include people with a reputation

within this social system. For example, in the British society, doctors have a great

reputation. Negative preference status groups include parist groups. Pari-groups-a

group of people who are viewed with other members of society look down on them

"from top to bottom". For a long time in the history of Europe, Jews were fairies»

Jews were forbidden to engage in certain types of activities, including the

possession of State deeds. Possession of wealth, as a rule, depends on the

reputation, but in this there are many exceptions. For example, the existence of"

noble poor " can be an example of this. Belonging to the class depends on the

object of the pupil, the position, or rather on the subjective assessment.

Weber's views on stratification show that in human life, in addition to

affiliation, there are other types of stratification and great influence. As we study

stratification, we need to take into account not only the difference in economic and

professional circumstances, but also what happens with those who take these

situations into account. The term social mobility means a change in the socio- economic status of a particular person or group.

Page 3 of 6

European Journal of Business &

Social Sciences

Available at https://ejbss.org/

ISSN: 2235-767X

Volume 07 Issue 05

May 2019

Available online:https://ejbss.org/ P a g e | 595

What are the possibilities of social mobility? Those who have power and wealth

have the opportunity to keep them in their own hands and leave them to their

offspring. They give their children a good education that will open the way to a

good job. The rich, despite the property and inheritance taxes, find their property.

Many of those who have reached the highest depths have already received benefits

at the beginning: either from wealthy families, or from a correspondent of qualified

specialists.

In the history of mankind, strata (stratum) have also been evaluated as signs of

cultural improvement of the people. In particular, carpets, fireplaces, blacksmiths,

gardeners, gardeners and other professional strata not only carried out a specific

economic and social life walk through the labor activity, but also worried about the

fact that his people did not become the property of other people.

The theory of social stratification initially E.Dyurkgeym, G.Spencer,

F.Giddings, P.Formed and developed as a result of the scientific activity of

sorokines. E.In his work "the division of social Labor" (1893) he writes: "from

self, on the basis of natural power, men are distinguished by dignity. Otherwise

you can not. Thus, harmony is found in the context of the dignity of each

individual and their state P.Sorokin also expressed similar views on social

stratification in his work" the system of Sociology".

Currently B.Barber, D.Bell, V.Vil'chek, R.Darendorf, G.Mireal, A.Toffler,

A.Turen, L.Major American and Western European sociologists, such as Werner,

have contributed to the development of the theory of social stratification.

Manifestations of the theory of social stratification now deny that in Western

countries society is divided into antoganistic classes, consisting of bourgeoisie and

proletariat. Instead, they promote the concept that society is divided into "upper",

"lower" and "lower" classes and social strata. For example, the West German

sociologist R.Darendorf distinguishes society from the category of stewards and

stewards. In turn, the category of managers consists of two groups: property

managers and non – property managers-administrative bureaucrats managers, they

consider. The category of managers also consists of two groups: the upper –

"worker aristocracy", and the lower – the lower-qualification workers. These two

social classes are divided into the existing "new middle class", which indicates the

idea that it is formed from the confluence of governors and working aristocracy.