Self-actualization of Adah in Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen: A Humanistic Psychological Approach

Ambreen Altaf


Culture, communication and identity are the base of any literature. Identity is never very important in life until it is lost. It is this loss that leads to constant struggle and all the characters suffer from crisis of identity in the absence of strong culture. Loss of one’s culture or identity becomes an emotional driving force in characters’ lives to perform any action to recover his/her identity. Loss of identity leads to psychological disorder and one fails to focus even on daily basic needs. The struggle for an independent and cultured identity makes one realize his/her capabilities and gives him/her courage and strength to fight all odds .To achieve self-actualized identity it is necessary that basic needs i.e. Physiological need, safety and security need, love and belongingness need and esteem need are to be fulfilled because a hungry and homeless man can never think of struggling for identity. The main motive of this paper is to analyze Adah, the protagonist of Buchi Emecheta’s adorable novel The Second Class Citizen through Humanistic Psychological Approach and it also studies how Adah fulfills all her basic needs step by step and ultimately succeeds in her struggle and emerges as a self-actualized being with an identity of her own.

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