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Abstract

India is developing country. The main occupation is agriculture, because 70 per cent of the population is involved in this occupation. Many women in developing countries are occupied in agriculture. Women occupation in agriculture in low income countries in Asia is between 60-80 per cent. In almost, Asian countries, the number of women employed in agriculture as a percentage of the economically active population is higher. Long standing obstacles faced by rural women in terms of limited access to productive resources (Land, Credit, Inputs, Transport, Extension Services, Storage and Technical Assistance) prevent them from adopting new technologies or encoring them economies of scale. This paper examines the ways in which greater integration through agriculture impact women and men differently and ensures implications for growth. This paper finds that agriculture creates many jobs for women in agriculture sector. Jobs that bring many household resources under women control leads to greater earnings in the family. Although, women are more than ever finally employed, differences in wages earned by women and men persist in all countries. Women also have less access to productive resources especially in developing countries. Due to these reasons and women’s lower education level compel the women have a greater tendency to remain in subsistence agriculture. Professional women continue to discrimination in hiring and promotion. The impact of liberalization and globalization on women is important not only because they represent almost half of the total population, but also because they face constraints, which make them less beneficial from the liberalization. Once different impacts are ascertained well designed policy responses may aid women in taking advantage of greater openness to agriculture.Now the women’s are more working than men & most of the Farming activities (80%) is done by Females so this era is called as Feminization of Agriculture & Female face of Farming.This implies the women based empowerment by Agriculture.

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How to Cite
Dr. P. Vinayagamurthy. (2019). Third World Women: Gender Issues in Tamil Nadu Agricultural Sector. History Research Journal, 5(6), 436-446. Retrieved from https://journals.eduindex.org/index.php/hrj/article/view/11581