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In Odisha sixty two indigenous communities have been registered in recent decades and DesuaBhumij is considered as one of them. This typical human race lives in the remote areas of Balasore, Keonjhar, Koraput, Malkangiri districts of Odisha. The DesuaBhumij constitutes nearly 0.005% of Orissa’s total tribal population. They live with others in a village but prefer to build their own wards where houses are connected with narrow lanes. They have typical house structure with bamboo and other saplings thatched with straw. The walls are plastered and decorated with designs in various colours. This tribe is divided into a number of exogamous totemic groups called clan or killi. In the clan system, marriage by capture, service and intrusion are also prevalent. Sanga Baha or widow remarriage and cross-cousin marriage are in vogue. They are mainly agriculturists but they also work in diversified occupations like mining, servicing, quarrying etc. They grow some rabi crops like oilseeds, pulses in their uplands and vegetables in kitchen garden. Going through their demography pattern, it is observed that population of DesuaBhumij has increased from 260 to 404 during the period 1961 to 2011, where 201 are males and 204 are females. Literacy rate increased to 11.70% to 56.98% and total workers increased to 143 to 174 during that period. Main workers are more in numbers than marginal workers. About their marital status, it is noticed that a total number of 239 unmarried, 143 married, 20 widows and 2 divorce cases are reported in 2011. But the total number of child had decreased during that period, 107 in 1961 to 48556 in 53.TheDesuaBhumij no longer remains untouched in their remote forested abode. To bringing out their all-round developments, differential micro plans are running in their neighbouring districts. In term of road links, housing, livelihood pattern, healthcare and hygiene, certain developmental projects have been undertaken in those areas with major priorities to the spread of education and residential schools for boys and girls.