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Postmodernism broadly refers to a socio-cultural and literary theory, a shift in perspective that has manifested in a variety of disciplines including the social sciences, art, architecture, literature, fashion, communications, and technology. Postmodernism can be associated with the power shifts and dehumanization of the post –Second World War era and the onslaught of consumer capitalism. Modernism was an earlier aesthetic movement which was in vogue in the early decades of the 20 the Century. Postmodernism shares many of the features of Modernism. Both schools reject the rigid boundaries between high and low art. Postmodernism’s use of lighthearted parody, which was also used by Modernism. Postmodernism refers to a cultural, intellectual or artistic state lacking a clear central hierarchy or organizing principle and embodying extreme complexity, contradiction, ambiguity, diversity, interconnectedness or inter preferentiality. Postmodernism questions the specific notions of monolithic universals and encourages fractured, fluid and multiple perspectives. Challenging the social basis of assertions, postmodernist philosophers attack unities seen as being rooted in the Enlightenment philosophy. Postmodernism was originally a reaction to modernism. Modernism made the Enlightenment the pivot of its critical enquiry. So this attack on modernism amounts to an indirect attack on the establishment of modernism itself as a movement that subverts fragmentation and celebrates unity and coherence.