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This paper stated that the so-called mainstream historians use the tools of history in order to control the perspective of the people which contends oral history traditions. It is also reflected in the context of Karbi tribe. Karbi tribe is the major ethnic community inhabiting the district of Karbi Anglong of Assam in northeast India. This paper explores a wide range of questions relating to the formation of historical consciousness and collective memory which plays a vital role in construction of cultural past of the Karbis. This paper aims to explore not only trajectories of the past but also the role of plural narratives of the Karbis influence in shaping historical past and contesting itself in diverse forms of ideas involved in oral history tradition. Thus, this paper argues that oral history of the Karbis explores the diverse ways in which the past shapes the present and is shaped by present perceptions.