Best Practices for Ensuring Total Sanitation

Shashikant Nishant Sharma, Arindam Biswas


The large majority of Indian urban population is living without access to adequate water, sanitation, drainage and solid waste disposal services provides strong evidence that conventional approaches to environmental sanitation are unable to make a significant change in the living condition.

The need for searching for better and improved sanitation measures both “bottom-up” or “top-down” approaches is the need of the hour.

The study of the best practices like Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) and Household-Centred Environmental Sanitation (HCES) reveals that the community can be motivated and trained to use better sanitation facilities on their own efforts. The toilet tripod suggest good measures that can be used to ensure adoption of sanitation measures on a large scale and maintaining the balance between the community aspirations and available sanitation practices.

Integrated approaches must be developed through the scientific and systematic research and rational planning approach. This research work is an attempt to understand the best practices of the sanitation which can be replicated with due modifications in the small town.

Political will, model legislation and institutional development and change in the mind-set of people are necessary for increased awareness. As such, urgent redressal is important to ensure inclusion of all habitations with safe drinking water and safe disposal of wastewater.

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