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Around the 18th Century, a number of noteworthy events took place in the world. One such event was the Industrial Revolution which took place in England. It gradually spread to other countries of Europe also. For the trade purposes, various routes were discovered and one such sea route to India was discovered by a Portuguese called Vasco da Gama in 1498. As a result, the English, French, Portuguese and the Dutch came to India for trade. They also used it to spread missionary activities in India. The beginning of modern period in Indian history began with the coming of these European powers to India. This research article is an effort to know about the evolution and journey of colonialism by the Britishers to India and its impact on the economic, social and cultural spheres of India as well.