The Impact of the Ancient Climate on the Course of the Euphrates and Its Geomorphological Phenomena between the Cities of Al Khidr and Basra - A Study in Historical Geography

Ali. A. Kazum AL-Waeli, Majdah J. Hussein Kattea


Historical geomorphometric studies are one of the modern trends in historical geography and in the historical study of rivers and their basins, whether small or large. The riverbed and basin are commonly the basic unit for geomorphometric research. These studies also contribute to clarify and define the environmental characteristics of rivers and how they were formed and the factors that helped this process.

River valleys are one of the largest fields associated with human stability and activity, Such studies are needed as the river environment controls the work of current activities. The study focused on the historical aspects of the ancient climate, which determined the course of the Euphrates River and its geomorphological phenomena between the jurisdictions of Al Khidr and Basra. See map (1). The phenomena are prominent and extensive within and outside the course of the river, are in continuous change and have a substantial effect on human activity in the region. The search focuses on this topic, as it also seeks to benefit from detailed maps and remote sensing systems in describing and analysing several old phenomena and drawing maps showing the morphometric characteristics of the river.

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