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This article examines a book on medicine (Kitâb al-Tîbb) in Sahih al-Bukhari. The book of medicine is in book 76, which consists of 58 chapters with 104 hadith. The titles of each chapter in the book of medicine reflect the content of the hadith, which refers to the medical question and what comes from it. The book of Medicine (Kitâb at-Tîbb) primarily gives an idea of the condition of Muslims during the time of the Prophet (AD), how they prevented and treated diseases. It turns out that most of al-Tibb al-Nabavi belongs to preventive medicine (al-Tibb al-Wikai), not therapeutic medicine (al-Tibb al-Ilaji), and was practiced during the time of the Prophet (s.a.c.) and after him.