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This study sought to investigate Turkey and her quest to become a member of the EU. Relations between Turkey and European integration institutions began withTurkey’s application for associate membership in the European Economic Community(EEC) in 1959. Turkey applied for full membership in the EEC in 1987 but did not gaincandidate status until 1999. Since that time, discussions about the implications of Turkey’s prospective EUmembership have become more serious and extensive in both Turkey and the EU. This paper seeks toanalyse the potential advantages and drawbacks of Turkey’s EU membership forboth Turkey and the EU. It considers economic, social, political, and security factors of such union. The paper argues that, taking into account all the possible effects, thepossible advantages of this membership outweigh the potential drawbacks for bothTurkey and the EU. Thus, it therefore recommends that greater efforts to conclude the negotiation process with full EUmembership for Turkey should therefore be considered and treated as highly desirable.